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Wall Germander

Image of Wall Germander
H. Zell, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Wall Germander (Teucrium chamaedrys)

Teucrium chamaedrys is native to northern Africa, the Middle East, and central and southern Europe (Haslan, Suhaimi, & Das, 2015). It has been used in traditional medicine for centuries to treat gout, diabetes, obesity, dyspepsia, and hypertension (Seeff, 2007). Teucrium chamaedrys is also used externally to treat wounds and as an astringent infusion on the gums (Pacifico et al., 2009). 

Historical Use 

This plant was boiled in water and drunk to treat shortness of breath and coughs. The leaves were pounded (stamped, in that era) with honey, strained, and put in the eyes to remove floaters (takes away the web) and improve dimness of vision. John Gerard’s The Herball includes historical information on the use of Wall Germander.   

This image of Wall Germander comes from the 1633 edition of John Gerard’s The Herball, first published in 1579.  
This book is available in the John R. Martin Rare Book Room in Hardin Library for the Health Sciences.  

Latest Research

  • Bio-Active Compounds from Teucrium Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine of Kurdistan Region, Iraq
    by Fuad O Abdullah on May 28, 2022 at 10:00 am

    Herbal medicine is still widely practiced in the Kurdistan Region, Iraq, especially by people living in villages in mountainous regions. Seven taxa belonging to the genus Teucrium (family Lamiaceae) are commonly employed in the Kurdish traditional medicine, especially to treat jaundice, stomachache and abdominal problems. We report, in this paper, a comprehensive account about the chemical structures and bioactivities of most representative specialized metabolites isolated from these plants….

  • Traditional medicinal knowledge and practices among the tribal communities of Thakht-e-Sulaiman Hills, Pakistan
    by Khalid Ahmad on September 14, 2021 at 10:00 am

    CONCLUSION: This paper provides insight into the pluralistic medication system of rural communities of northwest Pakistan. It highlights the materia medica most commonly in use. A considerable part of the documented materia medica and local practices is part of an oral tradition and cannot be found in written sources or scientific articles. The gaining of new medicinal knowledge in the area was the good sign of continuation of traditional medicinal practices.

  • Topical Application of Teucrium polium Can Improve Wound Healing in Diabetic Rats
    by Hasan Fallah Huseini on September 4, 2019 at 10:00 am

    Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the major complications among diabetic patients. Several studies have shown that the extract of Teucrium polium (T. polium) is effective in the treatment of diabetic and non-diabetic wounds, as well as burn wounds. The aim of current study was to assess the wound healing activity of T. polium extract ointment in diabetic rats. Sixty-four male Wistar rats were induced diabetes with alloxan injection (125 mg/kg) and surgical wound induced. The rats were divided into 8…

  • Teucrium polium improves endothelial dysfunction by regulating eNOS and VCAM-1 genes expression and vasoreactivity in diabetic rat aorta
    by Sakineh Khodadadi on June 6, 2018 at 10:00 am

    Endothelial dysfunction is the major cause of vascular complications in diabetes. Teucrium polium L. is traditionally used for the production of antidiabetic herbal medicine. The cardiovascular effects of T. polium, has also been reported. As a result of this, the present study was conducted to evaluate the impacts of T. polium hydroalcoholic extract on the vasoreactivity and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 genes expression as well in…

  • Anti-fungal and Anti-Mycobacterial activity of plants of Nuevo Leon, Mexico
    by Blanca Alicia Alanis Garza on June 13, 2017 at 10:00 am

    Severe fungal infections, particularly those caused by Candida spp, have increased in recent decades and are associated with an extremely high rate of morbidity and mortality. Since plants are an important source of potentially bioactive compounds, in this work the antifungal activity of the methanol extracts of 10 plants (Acacia rigidula, Buddleja cordata, Cephalanthus occidentalis, Juglans nigra, Parkinsonia aculeata, Parthenium hysterophorus, Quercus canbyi, Ricinus communis, Salvia coccinea…


Haslan, H., Suhaimi, F. H., & Das, S. (2015). Herbal Supplements and Hepatotoxicity: A Short Review. Natural Product Communications, 10(10), 1779-1784.  

Pacifico, S., D’Abrosca, B., Pascarella, M. T., Letizia, M., Uzzo, P., Piscopo, V., & Fiorentino, A. (2009). Antioxidant efficacy of iridoid and phenylethanoid glycosides from the medicinal plant Teucrium chamaedris (sic) in cell-free systems. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 17(17), 6173-6179. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.07.065 

Seeff, L. B. (2007). Herbal hepatotoxicity. Clinics in Liver Disease, 11(3), 577-596, vii. doi:10.1016/j.cld.2007.06.005 

Other References

Natural Medicines record: Germander (Access to UI only)